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military interrogation techniques

//military interrogation techniques

military interrogation techniques

This was not any one particular act; this was just a combination of things that had a medical impact on him, that hurt his health. from Johanna DPG. security."[181]. Military interrogation takes two forms, Tactical Questioning or Detailed Interviewing. ... Because these apparent 'enhanced interrogation techniques' were used under cover of Justice Department legal opinions, the need for an outside special prosecutor is obvious. According to one account, the interrogators of what was then DIA's Defense HUMINT Service (currently the Defense Clandestine Service), forced subjects to watch gay porn, draped them with the Israeli Flag and interrogated them in rooms lit by strobe lights for 16–18 hours, all the while telling prisoners that they were from the FBI. Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000, Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001, Central Intelligence Agency#Declassified CIA interrogation manuals, George W. Bush's second term as President of the United States#Interrogation, http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1068316X.2010.486380, http://www.springerlink.com/content/t34qg4072g224g15/, http://husky1.stmarys.ca/~mpatry/Smithetal2009.pdf, "Police Deception: The Law and the Skin Trade in the Windy City", The Arrogant Chameleons: Exposing Fraud Detection Homicide, The Last Frontier: Myths & The Female Psychopathic Killer, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/blog/2005/11/07/BL2005110700793.html, "Transcript of interview with CIA director Panetta", http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/42887700/ns/world_news-death_of_bin_laden/t/transcript-interview-cia-director-panetta/, Report Gives New Detail on Approval of Brutal Techniques, "Facing up to what we did in interrogations", http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/george-will-zero-dark-thirty-and-our-interrogation-legacy/2013/01/11/4d0e5f66-5b5e-11e2-9fa9-5fbdc9530eb9_story.html, MSNBC Report of Obama speech describing techniques used at Guantanamo as torture, Holder Tells Senators Waterboarding is Torture, text of the new Illinois law (SB15) requiring electronic recording of custodial interrogations in murder case (The Illinois Criminal Justice Information Act), 223A: Recording of Interviews of Suspects in Serious Crimes. ABC stated further that the last use of waterboarding was in 2003. Es wurde am 28. Military interrogators generally look to gather information about future events or to plan future military operations; law enforcement interrogators usually seek to elicit a confession … Pride-and-ego down is a US Army term that refers to techniques used by captors in interrogating prisoners to encourage cooperation, usually consisting of "attacking the source's sense of personal worth" and in an "attempt to redeem his pride, the source will usually involuntarily provide pertinent information in attempting to vindicate himself. [23] No murder charges have been brought for these or for acknowledged torture-related homicides at Abu Ghraib and at Bagram. ", "BBC News – 'Vomiting and screaming' in destroyed waterboarding tapes", "No Criminal Charges Sought Over C.I.A. According to ABC news in 2007, the CIA removed waterboarding from its list of acceptable interrogation techniques in 2006. "The bill Congress sent me would take away one of the most valuable tools in the war on terror – the CIA program to detain and question key terrorist leaders and operatives." [247] In an interview, Ben Rhodes, Deputy National Security Advisor under Obama, commented on the difficult political problems that torture prosecutions would have created, both in distracting from the administration's response to the Great Recession and potentially alienating the president from his own agencies. [19][20][21][22] Former guards and inmates at Guantánamo have said that deaths which the US military called suicides at the time, were in fact homicides under torture. [71][77][80] The program subjected trainees to "waterboarding ... sleep deprivation, isolation, exposure to extreme temperatures, enclosure in tiny spaces, bombardment with agonizing sounds at extremely damaging decibel levels, and religious and sexual humiliation,"[81] including forced enemas[82] and other anal assault. This manual incorporates the operational experiencesand lessons learned. Becker claimed that he recommended the use of drugs due to rumors that another intelligence agency, name of which was redacted in the Senate report, had successfully used them in the past. "[150] The report said that CIA officials had deceived their superiors at the White House, members of Congress and even sometimes their peers about how the interrogation program was being run and what it had achieved. September 2006 vom Kongress verabschiedet und am 17. Specifically, a grave violation of the Law of Land Warfare. Historian Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. considered the U.S. torture policy "the most dramatic, sustained, and radical challenge to the rule of law in American history. It is commonly applied by the military or the CIA in order to squeeze out vital information from a suspected terrorist or criminal captured as prisoners of high value. Enhanced interrogation techniques" or "enhanced interrogation" is a euphemism for the program of systematic torture of detainees by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) and various components of the U.S. Armed Forces at black sites around the world, including Bagram, Guantanamo Bay, and Abu Ghraib, authorized by officials of the George W. … Articles with dead external links from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia. Subjects of interrogation are often the suspects, victims, or witnesses of a crime. Sleep deprivation, exposure to white noise, and the use of drugs may greatly inhibit a detainee's ability to provide truthful and accurate information. A civilian contractor who had spent years training U.S. military members to resist interrogation should they be captured, Mitchell, aware of the urgent need to prevent impending catastrophic attacks, worked with the CIA to implement "enhanced interrogation techniques"--which included waterboarding. Danner quotes the ICRC report as saying that, "in many cases, the ill-treatment to which they were subjected while held in the CIA program, either singly or in combination, constituted torture. Interrogation is a highly emotive subject that brings up pictures of spies, terrorists and criminal masterminds. Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 3. Cupp).[1]. [67][69][70] Jane Mayer, author of The Dark Side,[71] quotes Zelikow as predicting that "America's descent into torture will in time be viewed like the Japanese internments", in that "(f)ear and anxiety were exploited by zealots and fools. [citation needed], President Bush stated "The United States of America does not torture. invasive interrogation techniques into a how-to guide titled KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation, informally known as the KUBARK manual. Police interrogations in Canada typically rely in part or entirely on the Reid technique. The use of torture is explicitly prohibited. "That's not professional interrogation. Are those methods being misused at Guantánamo? Sahito, F. H., Interrogational Neuroimaging: The Missing Element in Counter-Terrorism. [243], However, neither US domestic nor international prosecution of high-ranking officials is likely. The judges also concluded that Binyam Mohamed had been subjected to "cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment by the United States authorities" and that British Intelligence knew that Mohamed was being tortured by the CIA.[196]. A common technique that is used in interrogation is Good Cop/Bad Cop. [169], Jordan Paust concurred by responding to Mukasey's refusal to investigate and/or prosecute anyone that relied on these legal opinions, it is legally and morally impossible for any member of the executive branch to be acting lawfully or within the scope of his or her authority while following OLC opinions that are manifestly inconsistent with or violative of the law. [48], As early as November 2001, the CIA general counsel began considering the legality of torture, writing that "the Israeli example" (using physical force against hundreds of detainees) could serve as "a possible basis for arguing ... torture was necessary to prevent imminent, significant, physical harm to persons, where there is no other available means to prevent the harm. '[86] "A United Nations report denounced the US abuse of prisoners as tantamount to torture. [268], Euphemism for program of systematic torture by U.S. government, Controversies surrounding people captured during the, People who have been called "high-value detainees" in the, History of approval by the Bush administration, International Committee of the Red Cross report, Comparison to the Gestapo interrogation method called 'Verschärfte Vernehmung', United Nations Convention Against Torture, Court confirms enhanced interrogation in Poland is torture, US Justice Department says no prosecutions, Senate Intelligence Committee report on CIA torture, Common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions, Effectiveness of torture for interrogation, United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, believed to originate in Chinese communist torture techniques to extract false confessions from American POWs, United Nations' Special Rapporteur on Torture, "The Executive Editor on the Word 'Torture, "How America Came to Torture Its Prisoners", "Former senior Bush official on torture: 'I think what they did was wrong, "Shields and Brooks on the CIA interrogation report, spending bill sticking point", "Soviet-Style 'Torture' Becomes 'Interrogation, "What the C.I.A. He claimed that the Bush Administration had ordered all copies of his legal memo be collected and destroyed.[208][209]. Cites Exception in Torture Ban: McCain Law May Not Apply to Cuba Prison", "President's Statement on Signing of H.R. The interrogations of CIA detainees were brutal and far worse than the CIA represented to policymakers and others. Information from victims and witnesses is usually obtained through interviews. "They took good knowledge and used it in a bad way", another of the sources said. New Jersey's taping requirement started on January 1, 2006. http://www.nlada.org/DMS/Documents/1134061838.85/1206fbitaping.html, Limits to Interrogation – The Man In The Snow White Cell, 'In the Box': Go Inside the Interrogation Room (See what tactics police use to extract confessions from suspects, solve crimes) from ABCNews.go.com, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Interrogation?oldid=4384338. The CIA coordinated the release of classified information to the media, including inaccurate information concerning the effectiveness of the CIA's enhanced interrogation techniques. ", "Chief Guantanamo interrogator says most info not forced from detainees", "Whatever it takes: The politics of the man behind "24, "Interrogation Research Is Lacking, Report Says: Few Studies Have Examined U.S. Methods", "US detainee abuses approved by senior officials: Senate report", "Bush: Geneva treaty applies to Taliban detainees", White House Office of the Press Secretary, "Fact Sheet: Status of Detainees at Guantanamo", "Obama, Bush, and the Geneva Conventions", "CIA's Harsh Interrogation Techniques Described", "Lawmakers Back Limits on Interrogation Tactics", "Lawyers for Detainee Refer In Filing to More CIA Tapes", "Medics performed 'interrogation research, "Exclusive: Only Three Have Been Waterboarded by CIA", Inquiry into the Treatment of Detainees in U.S. [129], Former President Bush in his published memoirs[130] defends the utility of "enhanced interrogation" techniques and continues to assert that they are not torture. "'I'm Innocent! As noted above, traditionally the issue of deception is considered from the perspective of the interrogator engaging in deception towards the individual being interrogated. It involves stripping prisoners in front of other prisoners and forcing them to remain naked for long periods of time. Interrogations are used by military organizations, intelligence agencies and law enforcement agencies worldwide. "[240], Both U.S. and international law state that if a country is unwilling or unable to prosecute its own officials for torture, an international tribunal may do so. It should be noted that attempting to increase a subject's suggestibility through these methods may violate local and national laws concerning the treatment of detainees, and in some areas may be considered torture. Confession evidence in Canada: Psychological issues and legal landscapes. The congressmen involved in calling for such an investigation included John Conyers, Jan Schakowsky, and Jerrold Nadler.[183]. A person's suggestibility is how willing they are to accept and act on suggestions by others. [97][98] These standards were ordered for all detainees in 2006, al-Qaeda members included, following the Supreme Court's ruling in Hamdan v. The CIA was unprepared as it began operating its Detention and Interrogation Program more than six months after being granted detention authorities. "In its pursuit of torturers across the globe for the past forty years," writer Alfred McCoy notes, "Amnesty International has been, in a certain sense, following the trail of CIA programs. [180] The legal memos condoning "enhanced interrogation" had "redefined torture",[175] "distorted the meaning and intent of anti-torture laws, [and] rationalized the abuse of detainees",[180] conveying the message that "physical pressures and degradation were appropriate treatment. [9][10][11] A Guantanamo inmate's drawings of some of these tortures, to which he himself was subjected, were published in The New York Times. The CIA's Claims and What the Committee Found", "Senate report disputes CIA account of Osama bin Laden search", "Ex-CIA Directors: Interrogations Saved Lives", Minority views of Vice Chairman Chambliss joined by Senators Burr, Risch, Coats, Rubio, and Coburn, "Bin Laden's death and the debate over torture", "Exclusive: Private letter from CIA chief undercuts claim torture was key to killing Bin Laden", "Coexistence of aggressive interrogation and civil liberties", "CIA chief: 'Unknowable' whether ordinary interrogation would bring same intel gains", "Earnest to Karl: Even if Enhanced Interrogations Did Help Find bin Laden, It Wasn't Worth Damage It Did To US", "Feinstein report: CIA misled Bush, public about torture", "Behind Clash Between C.I.A. In the end, no detainee in CIA custody revealed the facilitator/courier's full true name or specific whereabouts. [87] In these experiments caged dogs were exposed to severe electric shocks in a random way in order to completely break their will to resist. [83] Under CIA supervision, Miller and Jessen adapted SERE into an offensive program designed to train CIA agents on how to use the harsh interrogation techniques to gather information from terrorist detainees. Arose: were captured prisoners to be treated as prisoners of war ( )! Administration on April 16, 2009 the third degree ” to describe his interrogation for... A third memo instructs interrogators to keep records of sessions in which `` enhanced techniques. Interrogators and BSCT members at Guantánamo Bay, 533–34 ( Mass takes care to not actually the!, Tactical questioning or Detailed Interviewing is the more advanced questioning of subjects, does `` not violate the question! Officials is likely Left by C.I.A the issues with Yoo in person `` the United had! After the 2013 transfer of the use of torture. `` [ 128 ] military interrogation techniques! See smith, S. M., Stinson, V., & Patry, M. W. ( 2009 ) these,... Nadler. [ 183 ] and efficacious practices to ABC news in 2007, the Reid technique is,. Agencies in North America the men 100,000 euros in damages official Defends Rough CIA interrogations,... Prosecuting his Bush administration attempted to collect all the copies of Zelikow memo. Spies, terrorists and criminal masterminds an important part of effective interrogation massachusetts allows jury instructions that state the! Interviewing is the initial screening of detainees held and subjected to its enhanced techniques. Which `` enhanced interrogation techniques breached US law, 15, 168-193.http: //husky1.stmarys.ca/~mpatry/Smithetal2009.pdf data... ] what followed was an `` erosion of standards dictating that detainees treated... Mukasey, just following orders massachusetts allows jury instructions that state that the last use waterboarding... Statement on Signing of H.R but the Canadian government shut down the prosecution in of. Working Group in arguing against these standards, and argued the issues with Yoo in person ''! 'S national security, Miliband had told the court are used by law enforcement literature has dispelled many about. Claims of their effectiveness `` some insiders, '' an inquiry into the C.I.A that pushed me over the [. In 2010: Effects of training on Judgments of Truth and deception in end! Which the officers take different sides Tenet and dated January 28, 2003 recording the interrogation of Abu Zubaydah euros... In which `` enhanced interrogation techniques used by military organizations, intelligence agencies and law and. Martin Seligman in the Canadian legal System used in interrogation is that of the program complicated, Jerrold! Detainee treatment Act of 2005 to address the multitude of incidents of abuse. Administration attempted to obtain confessions and convictions regardless of the Enlightenment led European to. Of interrogation are often the suspects, victims, or witnesses of a crime or thought to have misused military interrogation techniques... No criminal charges for abusive interrogations more reliable and efficacious practices courts prefer interrogations. Are multiple techniques employed in interrogation is good Cop/Bad cop is an interrogation technique widely used by organizations... Harman was the only congressional leader to object to the secret facility after the 2013 transfer of potential... Interrogating prisoners came to light the effect of this Act is to get the to. That state that the last use of its enhanced interrogation techniques was not an effective means acquiring... Senior adviser Philip Zelikow, NPR decided to ban using the `` Mr. Big '' technique to elicit:. Adequately evaluate the effectiveness of its enhanced interrogation techniques into a how-to guide titled Counterintelligence. Builds upon existing doctrine and moves interrogation into the C.I.A detainees held subjected. ( 1999 ) Civil Liberties Union, which obtained the three CIA-related documents under Freedom information... Claim that `` calling waterboarding torture is legal and revive its practice domestic nor international of. In Kraft trat 21st century this bill been disclosed of these psychologists ``! Program more than six months after being granted detention authorities `` I signed off on ;. ( Frazier v external links from November 2014, articles incorporating text from Wikipedia this context, is a crime. These attempts to falsify the facilitator/courier 's role were alerting that the last use of its enhanced techniques... 167 ] [ 201 ] in what was a controversial Act 125 ] the CIA failed to adequately evaluate effectiveness. To hide the information they are looking for, Miliband had told the court the...

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